This is used by organisations that wish to have members who are organisations instead of individuals. For example, the members may be local authorities, charities, etc. Each member then appoints an individual to serve on the board. A version of this model can also be used for 'joint ventures' where two or more organisations (which may be charities, co-operatives and/or private companies) wish to establish a legal form to run a joint project. Each 'owner' of the new legal form has the right to appoint an individual to the board.